a country that will reach an agreement with another country, which it will cooperate to help each other, especially in a war, an agreement between two or more countries or people that gives them power or that influences an agreement between countries not to test nuclear weapons, the Treaty on european Union: an agreement reached in 1991 in the Dutch city of Maastricht in which the Member States of the European Union have agreed on plans for their future , including for economic union and the introduction of the single currency. It came into force in 1993. Three alliances, a secret agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy, formed in May 1882 and regularly renewed until the First World War. Germany and Austria Hungary were closely linked since 1879. Italy sought its support against France, shortly after losing north African ambitions to the French. The treaty provided that Germany and Austria-Hungary would help Italy if it were attacked by France without Italian provocation; Italy would help Germany if Germany were attacked by France. In the event of a war between Austria-Hungary and Russia, Italy has promised to remain neutral. This abstention could have led to the release of the Austrian troops, who would otherwise have been necessary to monitor the Austro-Italian border. Under international law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between states (countries). A treaty can be called a convention, protocol, pact, agreement, etc. It is the content of the agreement, not its name, that makes it a treaty. Thus, the Geneva Protocol and the Biological Weapons Convention are the two treaties, although neither treaty in its name. Under U.S.
law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between countries that requires ratification and “consultation and approval” of the Senate. All other agreements (internationally treated) are called executive agreements, but are nevertheless legally binding on the United States under international law. The Allied victors attempted to ensure post-war peace by creating the League of Nations, which functioned as a collective security treaty, which required joint action by all its members to defend each member against an aggressor. A collective security contract differs in several respects from an alliance: (1) it is more inclusive in its membership, (2) the purpose of the agreement is nameless and can be any potential aggressor, including one of the signatories, and (3) The purpose of the agreement is to deter a potential aggressor from the prospect that the dominant power is organized and elevated against it. However, the League of Nations became ineffective in the mid-1930s, after its members refused to use force to stop the aggressive actions of Japan, Italy and Germany. The BTWC prohibits the development, stockpiling, supply, storage and manufacture of biological active substances and toxins “of species and quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes,” as well as weapons, equipment and delivery vehicles “intended to use such products or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.” The IHR (2005) is an international agreement between 194 States Parties and the World Health Organization on surveillance, sunshine and response to all events that could pose a threat to international public health. The objective of the IHR (2005) is to prevent, protect, control and respond to a public health response to the spread of diseases internationally, in a manner adapted to public health risks, limited to them, avoiding unnecessary intervention in international transport and trade. (International Health Regulations, Article 2).